How do you feel when you find out on one fine morning that you lose a patch of hair from your scalp?
You may get astonished and wonderstruck on thinking ‘how is that possible’! But the fact is if you have Alopecia which is the loss of hair in round patches then this can happen to you. It is a medical condition where hair can fall out not just from the scalp but also from the body. For this condition, the hair may grow back but it may fall out soon.
Alopecia is an auto-immune disease where the immune system gets impaired and attacks its own body. Here, the immune system attacks the hair follicles and causes the hair to fall down. This kind of condition doesn’t affect the overall health of an individual but continuous loss of hair can slowly reduce the confidence of an individual on his/her personality. Also, Alopecia can occur at any ages and it is for sure a hereditary condition.
A patient having alopecia may experience different types of hair loss. If there is loss of hair in patches, then that condition is called Alopecia Areata. If one loses all hair on the scalp, then it is called Alopecia Totalis. The extreme condition is called Alopecia Universals where all hair on the body falls. Unfortunately, there is no cure for Alopecia but dermatologists provide treatments for Alopecia. The most common treatment for alopecia is the injection of Corticosteroids which is an anti-inflammatory drug that can suppress the immune system.
The doctors administer steroids through local injection. As this is an immune system attack to the hair follicles, the injections are given to the bare patches of skin on the scalp. Here the WBC attacks the cells in the hair follicles which in turn shrinks and slows down the hair production.