Skin Diseases Caused by Overexposure to Sun


The onset of long sum­mers in the re­gion results in constant ex­posure to the harsh sun. Con­tin­u­ous exposure to the sun can cause var­i­ous skin-re­lated is­sues and can some­times lead to chronic skin dis­ease, even skin can­cer.
Some of the common skin prob­lems af­fect­ing peo­ple due to chronic ex­po­sure to sun­light are as follows and it is necessary to visit a der­ma­tol­o­gist if you are af­fected by any of the symp­toms men­tioned be­low:

Pho­to­der­mati­tis: It is an ab­nor­mal skin re­ac­tion to the sun­light or UV rays. You may de­velop rashes and red­ness all over the face, neck, fore­arm and chest area or the ex­posed area of your skin. It also causes heavy itch­ing.

Fol­li­culi­tis: It is a com­mon form of skin con­di­tion where the hair fol­li­cles are in­flamed due to heat and sun. It is usu­ally caused by a fun­gal or bac­te­rial in­fec­tion, which is due to sweat, dirt and pol­lu­tion. It is nor­mally seen in labour­ers whose work in­volves be­ing out­doors. Pim­ple-like le­sions on the scalp and face mark it. In chronic con­di­tion, th­ese pim­ples dis­charge pus and blood.

Fun­gal in­fec­tion: It is com­mon dur­ing sum­mer and is caused by the yeast, which lives on our skin. Rashes ap­pear with the out­growth of yeast in the body. As we all have ac­cus­tomed to the use of ACs in of­fice or at home, we tend to switch on the AC as soon as we are in­doors. With the im­me­di­ate vary­ing body tem­per­a­ture of hot sweat while in the sun and ex­po­sure to moist cold in the car or within, a build­ing can cause fun­gal in­fec­tion. Tak­ing bath twice a day in the morn­ing and be­fore bed­time is ad­vis­able as skin should be washed ev­ery 6 to 8 hours

Mil­iaria: It is a con­di­tion marked by fine acne-like le­sions on the face, neck and torso. It is also called a sweat rash.

Sun­burn: Red­ness and swelling of the skin due to over­ex­po­sure to the sun. It causes burn­ing sen­sa­tion of the skin, hot to touch, painful, fa­tigue and dizzi­ness.

It is advised to sup­ply and ad­vo­cate the use of sun­screen to the blue-col­lar work­ers and in­sur­ance com­pa­nies to in­clude sun­screen lo­tion in in­sur­ance as the blue col­lar work­ers work­ing un­der the sun is not much aware of the sun­screen and also they can­not af­ford it, thus the com­pa­nies must pro­vide sun­screen to those em­ploy­ees whose work in­volves work­ing un­der the sun since they are prone to skin dam­age. In ad­di­tion, com­pa­nies should com­ply with the min­istry rule of af­ter­noon break so that they are not ex­posed to harsh sun­light dur­ing the peak time. Work­ers who have worked for more than 6 to 7 years under sun are prone to skin can­cer and have more possibility of having such cases.

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